Mortgage buyer Freddie Mac reported Thursday that the 30-year rate fell back to 5.3 percent from 5.54 percent last week. One year ago the average 30-year rate was 2.8 percent.
The average rate on 15-year, fixed-rate mortgages, popular among those refinancing their homes also retreated, to 4.58 percent from 4.75 percent last week. A year ago at this time the rate was 2.1 percent.
The Fed on Wednesday ratcheted up its main borrowing rate by three-quarters of a point, the second such increase in less than two months. The central bank also raised its benchmark rate by a half-point in May.
Rapidly hiking rates risks tossing the U.S. economy into a recession, but it’s the Fed’s most powerful tool to get price increases back to its 2 percent annual target.
Also Thursday, the Commerce Department reported that the U.S. economy shrank from April through June for a second straight quarter, contracting at a 0.9 percent annual pace and raising fears that the nation may be approaching a recession.
The decline that the Commerce Department reported Thursday in the gross domestic product — the broadest gauge of the economy — followed a 1.6 percent annual drop from January through March. Consecutive quarters of falling GDP constitute one informal, though not definitive, indicator of a recession.
Consumer prices have soared 9.1 percent over the past year, the biggest yearly increase since 1981. The Labor Department’s producer price index — which measures inflation before it reaches consumers — rose by 11.3 percent in June compared with a year earlier.
Higher borrowing rates have discouraged house hunters and cooled what was a red-hot housing market, one of the most important sectors of the economy. The National Association of Realtors reported earlier this month that sales of previously occupied U.S. homes slowed for the fifth consecutive month in June.
Home prices kept climbing last month — albeit at a slower pace than earlier this year —- even as sales slowed. The national median home price jumped 13.4 percent in June from a year earlier to $416,000. That’s an all-time high according to data going back to 1999, NAR said.
The Mortgage Bankers Association said Wednesday that mortgage applications have declined 18 percent from last year and refinancings are down 83 percent to a more than two-decade low.
Layoffs in the housing and lending sectors have already begun. Among those reporting job cuts in recent months are the online mortgage company loanDepot, online real estate broker Redfin, and Compass.
The nation’s largest bank by assets, JPMorgan Chase, laid off hundreds from its mortgage unit and reassigned hundreds of others to jobs elsewhere in the firm.